A Miniscule Gem of the Bird Kingdom

The Rufous-tailed Hummingbird, also known by its scientific name Amazilia tzacatl, is a small but stunning bird that can be found in Central and South America. As one of the smallest bird species in the world, this jewel of the avian world is truly a marvel of nature.

Physical Characteristics

The Rufous-tailed Hummingbird has a distinctive rufous-colored tail that is longer than its body. The males have a bright green back, a white breast, and a vibrant red-orange throat that glistens in the sunlight. The females, on the other hand, have a more muted green throat and lack the bright colors of the males. Both sexes have a slender, pointed beak that is perfectly adapted for sipping nectar from flowers.


Rufous-tailed Hummingbirds are known for their quick, darting movements, making them difficult to spot in the wild. They can hover in mid-air and fly backwards, a feat made possible by their unique wing structure. Unlike most birds, hummingbirds have a ball-and-socket joint at the shoulder that allows them to rotate their wings in a full circle, creating lift in both directions.


The Rufous-tailed Hummingbird can be found in a variety of habitats, including tropical forests, gardens, and mountainous regions. They are well-adapted to their environment, with their small size allowing them to maneuver easily through dense foliage. They are also able to tolerate high altitudes, where the air is thin and temperatures can drop below freezing.

Importance in the Ecosystem

As pollinators, Rufous-tailed Hummingbirds play a crucial role in the ecosystem, helping to ensure the survival of many plant species. They are particularly important in tropical regions, where many plants rely on hummingbirds for pollination.

Despite their small size, hummingbirds can consume up to twice their body weight in nectar each day, making them an essential part of the food chain. They are also a vital food source for predators such as hawks, snakes, and even larger birds.


In conclusion, the Rufous-tailed Hummingbird is a tiny but mighty jewel of the avian world. With their stunning colors and unique behavior, they are sure to captivate anyone who has the privilege of seeing them in the wild. Their importance in the ecosystem cannot be overstated, making them a crucial part of the natural world and a true wonder of nature.